Giving birth

Winter C, Cameron J. 2006. ‘The “stages” model of labour: Deconstructing the myth’ British Journal of Midwifery. Vol 14, Issue 8, pp454-6

The first stage

Kavanagh J, Kelly AJ, Thomas J. 2003. ‘Sexual intercourse for cervical ripening and induction of labour’ Cochrane Review, The Cochrane Library. Issue 1. Oxford Update software

Lauzon L, Hodnett ED. 2001. ‘Labour assessment programs to delay admission to labour wards’ Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Issue 3. Art. No.: CD000936

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/o/cochrane/clsysrev/articles/CD000936/frame.html

[Accessed July 2011]

National Collaborating Centre for Women’s and Children’s Health. 2007. ‘Intrapartum care: care of healthy women and their babies during childbirth’ Clinical guideline. London: Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists Press.

http://www.nice.org.uk/nicemedia/pdf/CG55FullGuideline.pdf

[Accessed July 2011];

Accessed via:

http://www.ncc-wch.org.uk/guidelines/guidelines-programme/guidelines-programme-published/intrapartum-care/

Simkin P, Ancheta R. 2011. Prolonged prelabor and latent first stage. Chapter 4 in The labor progress handbook. 3rd ed. Wiley-Blackwell

The second stage

Fraser DM, Cooper MA. eds. 2009. Myles Textbook for Midwives 15th Edition. Churchill Livingstone: Elsevier. pp461-465, pp467-71. pp493-496, pp487-488, p510, pp520-522, pp755-756

Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists. 2011. ‘Operative vaginal delivery’ Clinical Guidelines. London: Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists Press.

http://www.rcog.org.uk/files/rcog-corp/GTG26.pdf

Accessed via:

http://www.rcog.org.uk/womens-health/clinical-guidance/operative-vaginal-delivery-green-top-26

[Accessed July 2011]

Simkin P, Ancheta R. 2011. ‘Prolonged second stage of labour’ Chapter 6 in The labor progress handbook. 3rd ed. Wiley-Blackwell. pp185-6

The third stage

Begley CM, Gyte GML, Murphy DJ, et al 2010. ‘Active versus expectant management for women in the third stage of labour’ Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Issue 7. Art. No.: CD007412

McDonald SJ, Middleton P. 2008. ‘Effect of timing of umbilical cord clamping of term infants on maternal and neonatal outcomes’ Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Issue 2.

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/o/cochrane/clsysrev/articles/CD004074/frame.html

[Accessed July 2011]

J Sleep, V R Bennet and L K Brown. 1993. ‘Physiology and management of the third stage of labour’ In: Fraser DM, Cooper MA. eds. 2009. Myles Textbook for Midwives, Twelfth Edition. Churchill Livingstone

Tolosa JN, Park D-H, Eve DJ, et al 2010. ‘Mankind’s first natural stem cell transplant’ Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine. Vol 141 (3) pp488-495

World Health Organization. 2009. ‘Effect of timing of umbilical cord clamping of term infants on maternal and neonatal outcomes’

http://apps.who.int/rhl/pregnancy_childbirth/childbirth/3rd_stage/cd004074_abalose_com/en/

[Accessed July 2011]

The placenta

Abdel-Aleem H, Abdel-Aleem MA, Shaaban OM. 2011. ‘Tocolysis for management of retained placenta’ Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Issue 1.

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/o/cochrane/clsysrev/articles/CD007708/frame.html

Chongsomchai C, Lumbiganon P, Laopaiboon M. 2006. ‘Prophylactic antibiotics for manual removal of retained placenta in vaginal birth’ Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Issue 2.

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/o/cochrane/clsysrev/articles/CD004904/frame.html

[Accessed July 2011]

Hong JW, Lee WJ, Hahn SB, et al 2010. ‘The effect of human placenta extract in wound healing model’ Annals of Plastic Surgery. Vol 65 (1) pp96-100

Nardin JM, Weeks A, Carroli G. 2011. ‘Umbilical vein injection for management of retained placenta’ Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Issue 5.

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/o/cochrane/clsysrev/articles/CD001337/frame.html

[Accessed July 2011]

Prolonged labour

Zhang J, Troendle JF, Yancey MK. 2002. ‘Reassessing the labor curve in nulliparous women’ American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. Vol 187 (4) pp824-8

Breaking the waters

Smyth RMD, Alldred SK, Markham C. 2007. ‘Amniotomy for shortening spontaneous labour’ Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Issue 4

Assisted birth

Birth Choice UK. ‘Hospitals with highest and lowest instrumental delivery rates. AND Instrumental delivery rates country comparison’

http://www.birthchoiceuk.com/Professionals/Frame.htm

[Accessed July 2011]

NHS Information Centre. 2010. Table 9: method of delivery by method of onset of labour. In Maternity Statistics, 2009-10.

http://www.hesonline.nhs.uk

[Accessed July 2011]

O’Mahony F, Hofmeyr GJ, Menon V. 2010. ‘Choice of instruments for assisted vaginal delivery’ Cochrane Database of Systematic Review. Issue 11

Simkin P, Ancheta R. 2011. Prolonged second stage of labour. Chapter 6 in The labor progress handbook. Third edition. Wiley-Blackwell pp185

After an assisted delivery

Maclennan AH, Taylor AW, Wilson DH, et al 2000. ‘The prevalence of pelvic floor disorders and their relationship to gender, age, parity and mode of delivery’ International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. Vol 107 (12) pp1460-1470

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18799443

[Accessed July 2011]

Having a caesarean

National Collaborating Centre for Women’s and Children’s Health. 2004. Caesarean section. Clinical Guideline. London: Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists Press.

http://www.rcog.org.uk/files/rcog-corp/uploaded-files/NEBCSectionFull.pdf

Accessed via:

http://guidance.nice.org.uk/CG132

[Accessed September 2011]

Obstetric Anaesthetists’ Association. 2009. ‘Your anaesthetic for caesarean section’

http://www.oaaanaes.ac.uk/assets/_managed/editor/File/Info%20for%20Mothers/CS_leaflets/CS_ed2_english.pdf

Accessed via:

http://www.oaa-anaes.ac.uk/content.asp?ContentID=477

[Accessed September 2011]

Twin labour and birth

National Collaborating Centre for Women’s and Children’s Health. 2011. ‘Multiple pregnancy: the management of twin and triplet pregnancies in the antenatal period’

http://www.nice.org.uk/nicemedia/live/13571/56497/56497.pdf

Accessed via:

http://guidance.nice.org.uk/CG129

[Accessed October 2011]

Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists. 2008. ‘Monochorionic twin pregnancy’

http://www.rcog.org.uk/files/rcog-corp/uploaded-files/T51ManagementMonochorionicTwinPregnancy2008a.pdf

Accessed via:

http://www.rcog.org.uk/womens-health/clinical-guidance/management-monochorionic-twin-pregnancy

[Accessed July 2011]

 

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